The IPEN Adult study is a ground-breaking international study with data collected from 17 cities across 12 countries. The Coordinating Center is now supported by the Mary Mackillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University (The Behaviour, Environment and Cognition Research Program).

Engagement in regular physical activity has a large range of health benefits. The built environment can often have a widespread and long-lasting impact on an individual's engagement in physical activity. To accurately assess the strength of association of the built environment with physical activity and weight status, greater environmental variability is required than more than one country can provide. IPEN Adult gathers comparable data from multiple countries, using a common research protocol, to achieve two primary aims:

  1. Assess the relationship between actual and perceived features of the built environment (e.g., transport stops, buildings) with device measured physical activity, and self-reported leisure and transportation physical activity.
  2. Assess the relationship between actual and perceived features of the built environment with overweight an obesity in adults.

Results from the IPEN studies can be used to help inform evidence based international and country specific urban planning and physical activity policies that can improve individuals physical activity and health.

Please visit the main IPEN website for more detail about IPEN Adult.

Funding Acknowledgement:

To The IPEN Adult study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute (CA127296) 2009 to 2014. The NIH grant supported the Coordinating Center at UC San Diego (initially at San Diego State University) and data collection in several countries. Other countries were successful in obtaining internal funding for their data collection. .

Investigators by Country

(ACU-affiliated in bold)


*Neville Owen

Takemi Sugiyama

Ester Cerin

Evie Leslie


*Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

Delfien Van Dyck


*Rodrigo Reis

Akira Hino


*Olga Lucia Sarmiento Dueñas

Andrea Ramirez Varela

Angie Catherine Olarte Duarte

Josed Pinzon


*Josef Mitáš

Karel Frömel

Jan Dygryn


*Jens Troelsen

Lars Breum Christensen

Jasper Schipperijn


*Ester Cerin

*Duncan Macfarlane

Poh-Chin Lai


*Deborah Salvo

Michael Pratt


*Grant Schofield

*Erica Hinckson

Suzanna Mavoa

Hannah Badland


*Francisco Guillen Grima

Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso


*Rachel Davey

Graham Smith

Tom Cochrane

US Coordinating Centre -
Australian Catholic University and UC San Diego

*Jim Sallis

Jacqueline Kerr

Kelli Cain

Terry Conway

Carrie Geremia

Marc Adams

Larry Frank

Jim Chapman

*Denotes principal investigator

Steering Committee

Jim Sallis (chair), Marc Adams, Ester Cerin, Terry Conway, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Larry Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Neville Owen and Takemi Sugiyama

Publication Committee

Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij (chair: until March 2018), Hannah Badland, Kelli Cain, Ester Cerin (chair: from March 2018), Terry Conway, Rachel Davey, Neville Owen, Jim Sallis, Jasper Schipperijn

Chief analyst

Ester Cerin

IPEN Adult Publications (using international pooled data)

Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., DeBourdeaudhuij, I., Cerin, E., Frank, L., Reis, R., Fromel, K., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., MacFarlane, D., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., Badland, H., Guileen-Grima, F., Davey, R., Bauman, A., Saelens, B., Riddoch, C., Ainsworth, B., Pratt, M., Schimd, T., Adams, M., Conway, T., Cain, K., Van Dyke, D., and Bracy, N. (2013). Advancing science and policy through a coordinated international study of physical activity and built environments: IPEN methods. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 581-601.

Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Kerr, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Reis, R.S., Sarmiento, O.L., Hinckson, E.A., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., MacFarlane, D.J., Davey, R., Mitas, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2013). Sharing good NEWS across the world: Developing comparable scores across 12 countries for the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). BMC Public Health, 13:309. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-309. URL: PMCID: PMC3642009.

Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Chapman, J., Christiansen, L.B., Coffee, N., Salvo, D., du Toit, L., Jan Dygrýn, J., Hino, A.A.F., Lai, P-C., Mavoa, S., Pinzón, J.D., Van de Weghe, N., Cerin, E., Davey, R., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using Geographic Information Systems: The IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Health Geographics, 13:43. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-13-43.

Sugiyama, T., Cerin, E., Owen, N., Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Macfarlane, D.J., Salvo, D., Reis, R.S., Mitáš, J., Sarmiento, O.L., Davey, R., Schofield, G., Orzanco-Garralda, R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Perceived neighborhood environment attributes associated with adults' recreational walking: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. Health and Place, 28, 22-30.

Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Hinckson, E., Schipperijn, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Davey, R.C., Hino, A.A.F., Mitáš, J., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O.L., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Neighborhood environments and objectively measured physical activity in 11 countries. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(12), 2253-2264. Published online April 28, 2014. PubMed PMID: 24781892.

Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Hinckson, E., Reis, R.S., Davey, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., Macfarlane, D., Salvo, D., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). International study of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time with body mass index and obesity: IPEN Adult study. International Journal of Obesity, 39, 199-207.

De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Dyck, D., Salvo, D., Davey, R., Reis, R.S., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitáš, J., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Sugiyama, T., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Cerin, E. (2015). International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12: 62.

Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Davey, R., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Conway, T.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Moderating effects of age, gender and education on the associations of perceived neighborhood environment attributes with accelerometer-based physical activity: The IPEN Adult study. Health and Place, 36, 65-73.

Kerr, J., Emond, J.A., Badland, H., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O., Carlson, J., Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Cain, K., Conway, T., Schofield, G., Macfarlane, D.J., Christiansen, L.B., Van Dyck, D., Davey, R., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Salvo, D., Sugiyama, T., Owen, N., Mitáš, J., and Natarajan, L. (2016). Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 124(3), 290-298. Posted online July 17, 2015. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1409466. (open access)

Christiansen, L.B., Cerin, E., Badland, H., Kerr, J., Davey, R., Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., Mitáš, J., Schofield, G., Sugiyama, T., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O., Reis, R., Adams, M., Frank, L., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). International comparisons of the associations between objective measures of the built environment and transport-related walking and cycling: IPEN adult study Journal of Transport and Health. Posted online March 21, 2016.

Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E.,Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Cain, K.L., Davey, R., Kerr, J., Lai, P-C., Mitáš, J., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2016). Urban environments in 14 cities worldwide are related to physical activity. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2207-2217. Released online April 1, 2016. Open access:


Shortened link:

Comment by Goenka and Andersen:

Twitter hashtag: #GlobalActiveCities

Cerin, E.,Cain, K.L., Oyeyemi, A., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Cochrane, T., van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Mitaš, J., Toftager, M., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Correlates of agreement between accelerometry and self-reported physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; 48(6):1075-84. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000870.

Frank, L.D., Fox, E.H., Ulmer, J.M., Chapman, J.E., Kershaw, S.E., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cerin, E.,Cain, K.L., Adams, M.A., Smith, G.R., Hinckson, E., Mavoa, S., Christiansen, L.B., Hino, A.A., Lopes, A., and Schipperijn, J. (2017). International comparison of observation-specific spatial buffers: Maximizing the ability to estimate physical activity. International Journal of Health Geographics, 16(4). DOI: 10.1186/s12942-017-0077-9. Open access:

Cerin, E., Mitáš, J., Cain, K.L.,Conway, T.L., Adams, M., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Reis, R.S., Schipperijn, J., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Macfarlane, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Sallis, J.F., and Van Dyck, D. (2017). Do associations of objectively-assessed physical activity with neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN Adult Study International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14:34. Open access: DOI 10.1186/s12966-017-0493-z

Schipperijn, J., Cerin, E., Adams, M.A., Reis, R., Smith, G., Cain, K., Christiansen, L.B., van Dyck, D., Gidlow, C., Frank, L.D., Mitáš, J., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis J. F. (2017). Access to parks and physical activity: an eight country comparison. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 27, 253-263. Posted online September 5, 2017.

(ACU-affiliated authors in bold)

The logo of the ACU Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research

Get in touch

Level 5, 215 Spring Street,
Melbourne, VIC, 3000

Connect with us

Chat with our team via social media.