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LEGL101 Introduction to Business Law: Legal Frameworks for Businesses

Teaching organisation

150 hours over a twelve-week semester or equivalent study period

Unit rationale, description and aim

Taxation plays an important role for governments in collecting and utilising revenues to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of no poverty (SDG 1), good health and wellbeing (SDG 3), quality education (SDG 4), decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), and industry, innovation, and infrastructure (SDG 9). Taxation supports the Catholic Social Thoughts (CST) of common good by contributing to the wellbeing of people through utilisation of government revenues for improvement of lives of people. It is important for business students (particularly, accounting and finance students) to learn taxation, as most income earning individuals and companies are subject to various types of tax. Moreover, taxation is interconnected to accounting and finance for wealth management. Against this backdrop the unit covers income tax, goods and services tax (GST), fringe benefits tax (FBT), and other relevant taxes (e.g., payroll tax). The aim of this unit is to understand and apply relevant taxation rules imposed by the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997, the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, the Goods and Services Tax Act 1999, the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986, Payroll Tax Act 2007, and the case laws and taxation rulings issued by the Australian Tax Office (ATO).

Learning outcomes

To successfully complete this unit you will be able to demonstrate you have achieved the learning outcomes (LO) detailed in the below table.

Each outcome is informed by a number of graduate capabilities (GC) to ensure your work in this, and every unit, is part of a larger goal of graduating from ACU with the attributes of insight, empathy, imagination and impact.

Explore the graduate capabilities.

Learning Outcome NumberLearning Outcome DescriptionRelevant Graduate Capabilities
LO1Understand the importance of tax, taxation framework, and the role of taxation in common good and sustainable development goals. GC1, GC12
LO2Identify key principles of taxation law in respect to income tax, capital gains tax, GST and FBT. GC1, GC4
LO3Apply the fundamentals of calculating taxable income and tax payable for individuals and business entities. GC2, GC8
LO4Solve practical problems using taxation law databases, textbooks, and the internetGC2, GC7
LO5Analyse taxation issues including international transactions and develop appropriate tax management strategies. GC2, GC3


Topics will include:

·       Importance of tax and role of tax in SDG and CST

·       Australian taxation framework

·       Residency for tax purposes

·       Income and sources of income

·       Deductions (general and specific)

·       Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT)

·       Capital Gains Tax (CGT)

·       GST, pay as you go withholding (PAYGW), and business activity statements (BAS)

·       Individual taxation

·       Taxation of companies, taxation of trusts and taxation of partnerships

·       Overview of international tax issues

Learning and teaching strategy and rationale

The teaching and learning strategy is built on a “student-focused approach”.  ACU’s teaching policy focuses on learning outcomes for students. Our teaching aims to engage students as active participants in the learning process while acknowledging that all learning must involve a complex interplay of active and receptive processes, the constructing of meaning for oneself, and learning from others. ACU promotes and facilitates learning that is autonomous and self-motivated, is characterised by the individual taking satisfaction in the mastering of content and skills and is critical, looking beneath the surface level of information for the meaning and significance of what is being studied.


The schedule of the workshop is designed in such a way that students can achieve intended learning outcomes sequentially. Teaching and learning activities will apply the experiential learning model, which encourages students to apply higher order thinking. The unit ensures that learning activities involve real-world scenarios that in turn assist with ‘real-world’ preparedness. The unit also uses a scaffolding technique that builds a student’s skills and prepares them for the next phase of the learning process.


The unit is structured with required upfront preparation before workshops, most students report that they spend an average of one hour preparing before the workshop and one or more hours after the workshop practicing and revising what was covered. The online learning platforms used in this unit provide multiple forms of preparatory and practice opportunities for students to prepare and revise. It is up to individual students to ensure that the out of class study is adequate for the optimal learning outcomes and successes.

Assessment strategy and rationale

Assessments are used primarily to foster learning. ACU adopts a constructivist approach to learning which seeks alignment between the fundamental purpose of each unit, the learning outcomes, teaching and learning strategy, assessment and the learning environment. In order to pass this unit, students must demonstrate competence in all learning outcomes and achieve an overall score of at least 50%. Using constructive alignment, the assessment tasks are designed for students to demonstrate their achievement of each learning outcome. The overview of the assessment table is provided below under different delivery modes.

Overview of assessments

Brief Description of Kind and Purpose of Assessment TasksWeightingLearning OutcomesGraduate Capabilities

Assessment Task 1: Presentation

Students will be given problem-based questions where they will be required to advise, explain and perform tax related calculations and present.

Submission Type: Individual

Assessment Method: Presentation

Artefact: Written response


LO1, LO2GC1, GC4, GC12

Assessment Task 2: Research Report

Assessment 2 is a group research paper (1,500 words) where students are assessed on their ability to research an area of tax law to synthesise knowledge and critically evaluate relevant case laws and legislations while communicating effectively in a written format. 

Submission type: Group

Assessment Method: Research report

Artefact: Written response


LO2, LO4GC1, GC4, GC7

Assessment Task 3: Final Exam

The purpose of the final exam is to further assess a student’s ability to synthesise knowledge and apply it to relevant scenarios. This will be an open book examination.

Submission type: Individual

Assessment Method: Open book final exam

Artefact: Invigilated Exam (Online)


LO3, LO4, LO5GC2, GC3, GC7, GC8

Representative texts and references

The latest edition of:

Sadiq K et al., (latest edition), Principles of Taxation Law, Thomson Reuters, Sydney.


Other references:

Chow M, Australian Master Tax Guide, or recent edition, CCH, Sydney.

Deutsch R et al, Fundamental Tax Legislation current edition, Thomson Reuters, Sydney.

Deutsch R et al, Australian Tax Handbook current edition, Thomson Reuters, Sydney.

Fisher and Hodgson, Tax Questions and Answers current edition, Thomson Reuters, Sydney.

Extended Reading: (legislation and cases) (taxation rulings, general tax information)

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