Credit points


Campus offering

No unit offerings are currently available for this unit


(EDET101 Effective Teaching 2: Curriculum, Planning and Pedagogy AND LNTE111 Literacy and Numeracy Test ) OR (LNTE100 LANTITE - Literacy Test for Initial Teacher Education Students AND LNTE101 LANTITE - Numeracy Test for Initial Teacher Education Students ) OR EDET111 Effective Teaching 2: Curriculum Planning and Pedagogy


EDFX343 Education Studies and Professional Experience 3: Creating Quality Learning Environments , EDET200 Effective Teaching 3: Engaging Learners and Managing Learning Environments

Teaching organisation

Includes: 15 days placement in an educational setting

Unit rationale, description and aim

Well–designed learning environments that are engaging, inclusive and safe promote the achievement of learning outcomes. Teachers must be able to apply effective practices to create positive and nurturing learning environments that respectfully meet learners’ needs and foster the holistic growth of very young children.

This unit develops the professional communication, management and organisational skills that are needed to create positive learning environments that nurture and engage very young children in learning, guide learner behaviour and promote positive physical, social and emotional wellbeing. Pre–service teachers will examine contemporary research, policies and key theories on understanding and positively guiding the behaviour of very young children within education settings. They will explore a range of strategies to create positive and engaging learning environments that will support a healthy and holistic start to life and manage behaviours that alert teachers to unmet needs, including physical arrangement of the classroom and communicating clear expectations for behaviour, participation, learning and development. Pre–service teachers will apply these to the critical analysis of real–world case studies. They will synthesise theories, policy and practice to develop a holistic approach to building positive learning environments that nurture the physical, social and emotional wellbeing of very young children, positively guide learner behaviour and manage challenging behaviours that are alerting teachers to unmet learner needs.

The aim of this unit is to enable pre–service teachers to acquire and develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to effectively promote positive behaviours and wellbeing and ensure meaningful engagement in learning. These skills will be applied during a 15–day professional experience placement.

Learning outcomes

To successfully complete this unit you will be able to demonstrate you have achieved the learning outcomes (LO) detailed in the below table.

Each outcome is informed by a number of graduate capabilities (GC) to ensure your work in this, and every unit, is part of a larger goal of graduating from ACU with the attributes of insight, empathy, imagination and impact.

Explore the graduate capabilities.

On successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:

LO1 - Describe and explain a range of effective and inclusive teaching practices to create positive and nurturing learning environments that recognise learners’ needs and foster learner engagement (GA1, GA5, GA9; APST 1.1, 3.5, 4.1, 4.2, 4.4, 5.1; ACECQA A3, A6, C3, C5, D4)

LO2 - Analyse and compare major theories, policies, and legislative documents regarding positive approaches to guiding behaviour (GA4, GA5, GA10; APST 3.5, 4.1, 4.2, 4.4; ACECQA A4, A6, C1, C4, C5, D4, E2, E3)

LO3 - Describe and utilise a range of practical strategies for managing alerting behaviours that are challenging (GA1, GA4, GA6, GA9; APST 3.7, 4.1, 4.3, 4.4, 7.3; ACECQA A4, A6, C3, C5)

LO4  - Synthesise key theories and relevant policies to develop approaches that support the creation of effective, engaging and nurturing learning environments and plans for positive management of learner behaviour (GA4, GA5; APST 1.1, 3.7, 4.1, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4; ACECQA A1, A3, C3, C4)

LO5 - Complete a successful professional experience in an Early Childhood setting engaging in critical reflection and responding to feedback from colleagues and supervisors to improve teaching practice (GA4, GA5, GA9; APST 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.5, 3.7, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4; ACECQA A1, A3, A4, A6, C3, C5, D4, E2, E3)

Graduate attributes

GA1 - Demonstrate respect for the dignity of each individual and for human diversity

GA4 - Think critically and reflectively 

GA5 - Demonstrate values, knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to the discipline and/or profession 

GA6 - Solve problems in a variety of settings taking local and international perspectives into account

GA9 - Demonstrate effective communication in oral and written English language and visual media 

GA10 - Utilise information and communication and other relevant technologies effectively.


On successful completion of this unit, pre-service teachers should be able to:

1.1 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of physical, social and intellectual development and characteristics of students and how these may affect learning.

1.3 Demonstrate knowledge of teaching strategies that are responsive to the learning strengths and needs of students from diverse linguistic, cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds.

1.5 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of strategies for differentiating teaching to meet the specific learning needs of students across the full range of abilities.

2.2 Organise content into an effective learning and teaching sequence.

2.3 Use curriculum, assessment and reporting knowledge to design learning sequences and lesson plans.

3.1 Set learning goals that provide achievable challenges for students of varying abilities and characteristics.

3.2 Plan lesson sequences using knowledge of student learning, content and effective teaching strategies.

3.5 Demonstrate a range of verbal and non-verbal communication strategies to support student engagement.

3.7 Describe a broad range of strategies for involving parents/carers in the educative process.

4.1 Identify strategies to support inclusive student participation and engagement in classroom activities.

4.2 Demonstrate the capacity to organise classroom activities and provide clear directions.

4.3 Demonstrate knowledge of practical approaches to manage challenging behaviour.

4.4 Describe strategies that support students’ well-being and safety working within school and/or system, curriculum and legislative requirements.

4.5 Demonstrate an understanding of the relevant issues and the strategies available to support the safe, responsible and ethical use of ICT in learning and teaching.

5.1 Demonstrate understanding of assessment strategies, including informal and formal, diagnostic, formative and summative approaches to assess student learning.

5.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the purpose of providing timely and appropriate feedback to students about their learning.

6.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the role of the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers in identifying professional learning needs.

6.2 Understand the relevant and appropriate sources of professional learning for teachers.

6.3 Seek and apply constructive feedback from supervisors and teachers to improve teaching practices.

7.1 Understand and apply the key principles described in codes of ethics and conduct for the teaching profession.

7.2 Understand the relevant legislative, administrative and organisational policies and processes required for teachers according to school stage.

7.3 Understand strategies for working effectively, sensitively and confidentially with parents/carers.

7.4 Understand the role of external professionals and community representatives in broadening teachers’ professional knowledge and practice.


On successful completion of this unit, pre-service teachers should have developed the following specific knowledge:

A Child development and care

A1 learning, development and care

A3 social and emotional development

A4 child health, wellbeing and safety

A6 diversity, difference and inclusivity

C Teaching pedagogies

C1 alternative pedagogies and curriculum approaches

C3 guiding behaviour/engaging young learners

C4 teaching methods and strategies

C5 children with diverse needs and backgrounds

D Family and community contexts

D4 socially inclusive practice

E History and philosophy of early childhood

E2 contemporary theories and practice

E3 ethics and professional practice


  • Students will have the opportunity to study some or all of the content of this unit in the particular context of their teaching specialisation (refer to the section on ‘Professional Experience: Teaching Requirements’, below)
  • Current research informed contemporary perspectives relevant to social competence – neuroscience, attachment, temperament, self-concept, self-regulation, pro-social behaviours, atypical development and behaviours, imagination, social and emotional literacy
  • Contemporary research and theories relating to effective management of a diverse range of learning settings, e.g.:    
  • Cognitive and Behaviourist models
  • Psychological or needs-based models: Dreikurs, Glasser’s Choice Theory
  • Bill Rogers’ Decisive Discipline
  • Canter and Canter’s Assertive Discipline
  • Ford’s Responsible Thinking
  • Kounin’s Engagement Model and Basic Skills
  • Marzano’s Teaching Effectiveness
  • Developing proactive engagement and management plans, that include very young children as participants and/or decision-makers in matters concerning their social and emotional competence
  • Strategies for creating safe and positive learning environments and promoting physical, psychological and social well-being:
  • Establishing positive teacher-learner relationships
  • Communicating expectations in the learning environment- establishing routines, self-regulation strategies
  • Engaging learners in setting shared rules and procedures to help develop learner ownership of their own behaviour
  • Strategies for promoting cohesion in the learning environment
  • Meaningful interaction through verbal and non-verbal communication with very young children
  • Responsive and nurturing learning environment for effective peer interactions
  • The physical environment: effective layouts, sense of belonging
  • Practical strategies for transition, settling down in new environment,  emotion-regulation 
  • Strategies and techniques applicable to diverse learners
  • Intentional teaching
  • Factors contributing to undesired behaviours:
  • Learner related variables
  • Home and social group variables
  • Learning environment and teacher variables
  • The impact of changing technologies and social media in the life of very young children
  • A range of practical strategies for responding to low-level undesired behaviours:
  • Providing appropriate and timely feedback: Positive reinforcement
  • Unobtrusive, non-threatening environments
  • A range of practical strategies for managing challenging behaviours that are alerting the teacher to unmet needs:
  • Learner-teacher effective communication
  • Learning and behaviour management plan/strategies
  • Moving beyond the classroom
  • Educational system policies and practices
  • Engaging with professional colleagues
  • Engaging sensitively and confidentially with parents/carers
  • Re-building relationships
  • Cracking the challenging learner group
  • Analysis of real-world case studies involving critical incidents of learner behaviours and teacher/education-setting responses
  • Engaging parents and caregivers in the educational process
  • Policy, curriculum and legislative requirements that underpin learner wellbeing and safety
  • Maintaining safe online environments: safe learning environment for very young learners
  • Strategies for protecting teacher safety and well-being: building resilience and self-care.

Learning and teaching strategy and rationale

This is a 10-credit point unit and has been designed to ensure that the time needed to complete the required volume of learning to the requisite standard is approximately 150 hours in total across the semester. This includes direct teaching, reading and preparation of assessments, and a professional experience placement.

This unit applies a social constructivist approach to develop pre-service teachers’ understanding of planning and assessment and skills in applying effective pedagogies. They will have the opportunity to build on their understanding of teaching strategies through critical reading, lecturer modelling, active engagement, rehearsing and discussion in tutorials. Skills of professional communication and the ability to work collaboratively will be practised through group activities, culminating in presentations to the class. This provides opportunities for pre-service teachers to continue to build their communication and teaching skills, and to build their confidence in managing groups, in a safe and supportive environment prior to applying these skills in a relevant educational setting. Teaching skills of positively engaging learners and managing behaviour, and the ability to locate and synthesise information, will be developed through designing engagement and management plans appropriate for a specific context. The placement will enable engagement with experienced practitioners and to make links between theory and its application to the learning environment. Pre-service teachers will continue to gather and reflect upon evidence of their attainment of the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers: Graduate, in the Digital Portfolio.

To support this strategy teaching and learning approaches may include, but are not limited to:

  • Weekly face-to-face lectures and / or online lectures (synchronous and asynchronous)
  • Hands-on tutorials and discussions that promote peer learning;
  • Self-directed reading and research
  • Collaborative learning opportunities.

Differentiated instruction will be provided, through tutorial arrangements, so that students will have the opportunity to study some or all of the content of this unit in the particular context of their teaching specialisation.

Technology Enhanced Learning

The unit will include a Learning Environment Online (LEO) site with resources and online links, announcements, and a discussion board to post questions and reflections that promote connection between on campus content and educational experiences. It may include:

  • Online review exercises.
  • Discussion board to exchange ideas and refine learning.
  • Video illustrations of teaching practice and focussed readings addressing a wide spectrum of teaching contexts, practices and competencies

Professional Experience: teaching requirements

Within this Effective Teaching unit pre-service teachers will undertake, individually, a professional experience placement comprising 15 days in an educational setting.

  • Each Early Childhood and Primary (ECP) teacher will undertake this professional experience in an Early Childhood centre (B-35 months).
  • Each pre-service Early Childhood Teacher will undertake this professional experience in an Early Childhood centre (B-35 months)

Pre-service teachers will develop the habit of critically reflective practice through guided reflection upon their observations of class and educational setting. In collaboration with supervising teachers and other professional colleagues, they will further develop teaching skills through assisting in the delivery of high-quality teaching episodes and taking responsibility for teaching whole classes or learner groups. They will critically reflect upon their teaching, and self-audit their progression and attainment of key teaching skills and standards.

The recommended arrangement of the 15 days is:

  • Maximum of 5 days prior to the commencement of the block, for example one day a week, by negotiation with the education provider
  • Minimum of two weeks (10 days) of continuous engagement. (The “Block”).

Recommended Teaching Experiences

The following engagements are recommended across the 15-day placement for early childhood settings. Pre-service teachers should complete EDET211 before their completion of EDEC211 during the same semester.

Days 1 – 5 (Single days or incorporated into the block): Proposed Teaching Expectations

Days 1 – 2: Orientation, observation and assisting the supervising teacher/s

Days 2 – 5: Observation and assisting the supervising teacher/s, plus planning and implementation of two teaching episodes per day.

Block Practicum: Days 6 – 15 : Proposed Teaching Expectations

Days 6 – 15:

  1. Plan, prepare and implement learning experiences informed by observations that support young children’s interests
  2. Plan, prepare, implement and reflect on two learning experiences per day
  3. Take responsibility for managing some individual and whole group routines
  4. Engage in half day continuous teaching including management of transitions and whole group routines.
  5. Conduct observations of the practices of the supervising teacher and room leader.
  6. Reflection, self-reflection and evaluation

Assessment strategy and rationale

The assessment load and weighting of the assessments in this unit have been designed to incorporate the professional experience. The written assessment load in this unit has been adjusted accordingly.

A range of assessment procedures are designed to allow pre-service teachers to progressively demonstrate achievement of the unit learning outcomes and to develop graduate attributes consistent with University assessment requirements. The Education Studies units in this course focus on developing understanding of, and skills across the professional knowledge, practice and engagement domains needed to meet expectations of ACECQA criteria and the APST: Graduate level.

The two assessment tasks are sequenced to allow feedback and progressive development. Through completing Task 1 pre-service teachers have the opportunity to work collaboratively to demonstrate knowledge of theoretical models of behaviour management and the complexities of managing challenging behaviour, through a group critical analysis and presentation. In Task 2 pre-service teachers apply their knowledge of theories, policies and practical strategies in the development of a plan for engaging learners and managing behaviour in a specific educational context. The placement facilitates connections with the ‘real world’ of learning and teaching, thereby preparing pre-service teachers for their role as teacher.

Minimum Achievement Standards

The assessment tasks and their weighting for this unit are designed to demonstrate the achievement of each learning outcome. In order to pass this unit, students are required to submit all assessment tasks, meet the learning outcomes of the unit and achieve a minimum overall passing grade of 50%.

In addition, Pre-service teachers must attain a Pass in the two hurdle tasks. These are the preparation for the Professional Experience Placement (PEP) and the Professional Experience Assessment (PEA).

Assessment in EDET211 includes a Critical Task Assessment Task 3 Rationale and plan for engaging learners, fostering positive behaviour and managing alerting behaviour that is challenging for the teacher. This task is core to the demonstration of a number of Australian Professional Teacher Standards.  Pre-service teachers must demonstrate mastery of every summative Graduate Teacher Standard identified and attain a score of at least 50% in this Critical Task in order to pass this unit.

Overview of assessments

Brief Description of Kind and Purpose of Assessment TasksWeightingLearning OutcomesGraduate Attributes

Assessment 1: Analysis and presentation of challenging behaviours that are alerting the teacher to unmet needs (May be undertaken in groups)

Based on your readings, observations and/or personal experience, describe an authentic example of challenging learner behaviour (individual, group or class) that is alerting the teacher to an unmet need and that requires teacher intervention. Critically analyse the teacher’s response and the response of the early childhood services. Identify strategies that you would employ to deal effectively with the situation. Justify your choices based on your reading of the literature, relevant polices and one or more relevant theoretical frameworks in this unit.

Present to the tutorial group, employ effective verbal and multi-modal communication. and submit an individual reflection


LO1, LO2, LO3, LO4

GA1, GA4, GA5, GA6, GA9, GA10

Assessment Task 2: Rationale and plan for engaging learners

Critical Task

Describe a specific learning setting, such as your placement learner group. Include physical, social and intellectual development and characteristics of the learners, as well as their linguistic, cultural, religious and socio-economic backgrounds. Develop a rationale and plan for inclusive strategies for fostering positive learner interaction in the early childhood setting.


LO1, LO2, LO3, LO4

GA1, GA4, GA5, GA6, GA9, GA10

Hurdle Requirement 1: Preparation for the Professional Experience Placement

Prior to commencing the Professional Experience placement, pre-service teachers must ensure all components of the hurdle tasks from EDET100 are complete and current.


LO2, LO5

GA4, GA5, GA9, GA10

Hurdle Requirement 2: Professional Experience Assessment

Successful completion of the professional experience requirements for the third year of the course including compilation of evidence to support the assessment tasks outlined above. Compilation of evidence will include:

  • structured observation and analysis of educational setting, learner group and classroom contexts, and teaching programs and practices
  • preparation for all teaching episodes including the setting of goals, outcomes, content, assessment criteria catering for a variety of abilities and characteristics
  • relevant teaching resources
  • critical reflection on own teaching experiences and practices of teaching and program evaluation
  • feedback from supervising teacher/s and university staff.

This evidence must be compiled into a well-presented and well-organised Professional Experience folder, which must be updated on a daily basis throughout the placement.

Artefacts and reflections should provide evidence of attainment of the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers: Graduate, and can be included in the ePortfolio.


LO1, LO3, LO5

GA1, GA4, GA5, GA6, GA9

Representative texts and references

Required text(s)

Australian Curriculum

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA)

Early Years Learning Framework

Relevant State and Territory curriculum documents. 

Recommended references

Blatchford, P., & Russell, A. (2019). Class size, grouping practices and classroom management. International Journal of Educational Research, 96, 154-163. 

Bullard. J. (2017). Creating environments for learning: Birth to age eight (3rd ed.). Sydney: Pearson.

Clarke, M., & Pittaway, S. (2014). Marsh's becoming a teacher (6th ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Education Australia.

Ewing, R., Glass, C., Kervin, L., Gobby, B., & Le Cornu, R. (2019). Teaching: Dilemmas, Challenges and Opportunities. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning Australia.

Gonzalez-Mena, J., & Eyer, D. (2018). Infants, toddlers, and caregivers : A curriculum of respectful, responsive, relationship-based care and education (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Johnson, L. (2019). Going to scale: Exploring implementation of positive behaviour intervention and supports within and across different types of early childhood programmes. Early Child Development and Care, 189(4), 523-540.

Kaiser, B., & Rasminsky, J. (2017). Challenging behavior in young children : Understanding, preventing, and responding effectively (4th ed). Boston, MA: Pearson

Little, H., Elliott, S., & Wyver, S. (2017). Outdoor learning environments : Spaces for exploration, discovery and risk-taking in the early years. Sydney: Allen and Unwin

Lyons, G., Ford, M., & Slee, J. (2014). Classroom management: Creating positive learning environments (4th ed.). Southbank, Vic: Cengage Learning.

Porter, L. (2016). Young children’s behaviour: Guidance approaches for early childhood educators (4th ed.). Sydney: Allen & Unwin

Stronge, J. H. (2018). Qualities of effective teachers. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD).

White, E. Jayne ; Dalli, Carmen. (2017). Under-three Year Olds in Policy and Practice (Policy and Pedagogy with Under-three Year Olds: Cross-disciplinary Insights and Innovations). Singapore: Springer Singapore.

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