Victorian parents need to take the pressure off now they are once again teaching their children at home, according to two Melbourne-based education experts.
Across Victoria prep to Year 10 students in lockdown areas are returning to remote learning this term, placing parents back in the teaching role.
Dr Matthew Zbaracki, Australian Catholic University, Head of School of Education, Victoria, and Jane Plunkett, an ACU-qualified teacher turned education consultant, said teachers did not expect parents to run their home like a classroom. The educators have two school-aged children together.
“It’s a very stressful time for everyone. But there is a misunderstanding about teaching at home,” Dr Zbaracki said.
“To home school in the ‘purest’ sense means the parent takes on the role of being the educator, (teacher) and provides the actual curriculum and assignments and activities.
“What most Victorian parents are doing now is ‘home learning’, the tasks are provided by the school, and the parent may assist as a guide with accomplishing them.
“Home learning is more ‘organic’ than true home schooling.”
Dr Zbaracki said the main goal of home learning was to keep children connected with their schoolwork and engaged in age-appropriate learning activities.
“These are unprecedented times for all of us, and Victoria is trying to cope with dramatic changes to its day-to-day existence,” he said.
“It’s important that we recognise that parents will facilitate learning in very different ways at home and that’s OK. When teaching children at home, parents must take the pressure off themselves.”
1. Set up a negotiated learning space and routine/structure.
“One of the key things that children need in these uncertain times is structure, by setting this up in the beginning, children will be better able to focus and learn and everyone involved will know the expectations,”
Dr Zbaracki said. “Make sure the children take regular breaks depending on their age.”
2. Read every day! Read with them, to them, and have them read to you!
Upper primary and secondary children, who have specific projects/assignments, should know the due dates and the expectations of their teachers,” Ms Plunkett said. “Older children need to be aware of when and how to meet these deadlines. Parents can ask prompting questions to check the child understands what is required of them.”
3. Older children also need to take ownership of their learning.
“We all need to learn how to work from home and take frequent breaks,” Dr Zbaracki said. “When you take a break, get up and move around with your child, do 50 star jumps or run in place for a minute. Just like your child has a need to move and let out some energy, adults do as well.”
4. Integrate movement/active time in the day (working from home parents will need this for themselves too)
Parents know their child, so a common-sense approach is best. Give both yourself and your child a break from lessons when the child is showing signs of being off-task, tired or irritable.
5. Check in with your child to see how they’re doing and what they may need help with.
Speak to the school about what is expected. Print out the learning tasks, highlight key words, and add the due dates to your calendar.
6. Understand the required learning tasks.
Ms Plunkett added, “During the school holidays parents can use this time to become familiar with the various learning platforms that schools may require.”
7. Think creatively
Cooking or baking together (or with grandma or grandpa via Facetime). Make an iMovie together for an assignment for school.
8. Maintain connections with others (family, friends, classmates) by sharing books, recommending books, sharing writing.
Do this through Skype or FaceTime so they are still able to ‘see’ their friends and family and have social interaction.
9. Never teach under a mood of frustration (yours or theirs) wait for calm and then work together.
“When the child is calm, ‘share the pen’ or ‘share the reading’ which means work collaboratively,” Ms Plunkett said.
10. Be flexible
With the many distractions at home, parents need to be flexible with their expectations of their child’s behaviour. Children are not working with their regular classroom teacher or with their classmates, how they work will be different at home. Assignment outcomes will look different as well, but the goal is to keep children connected and engaged through learning.
Ms Plunkett added, “Being flexible with your children at home is very important. Home learning can be a fun way to be more involved in what your child is learning.
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