This research program examines aspects of conflict, continuity and change within a European - as well as transnational and comparative - historical context.

Areas of research include:

  1. Conflict, continuity and change in approaches to mental health care (specifically relating to the closing of asylums)
  2. The material cultural legacy of Italian Fascism
  3. The Italian Risorgimento in transnational perspective

Scholars in this program include Professor John Foot and Associate Professor Nick Carter.

The Italian Risorgimento in Transnational Context

Associate Professor Nick Carter

Nick is the editor of Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). The book brings together a team of international scholars working in and across a range of academic disciplines in order to examine British and Irish responses to the Italian national question in the mid-nineteenth century, and the impact of the Risorgimento on mid-century British and Irish politics, society and culture. The book also considers British attitudes towards Italy in the decades immediately following Italian unification, and Italian views of Ireland and Britain during and after the Irish War of Independence, 1919–21. The book focuses on two key themes: nineteenth- and early twentieth-century nationalism and the construction of national identity (British, Irish and Italian); and the roles of religion, exile, politics and culture in shaping nationalist movements and national identities (both internally and externally perceived).

The Material Cultural Legacy of Fascism

Associate Professor Nick Carter

This project examines the long-standing and deepening Italian ambivalence towards ‘historic’ Fascism through a multiple case study analysis of the post-war ‘afterlives’ of surviving examples of Fascist art, architecture and urban design in Rome. The main aim of the project is to understand the relationship between the material cultural legacy of Fascism and the popular memory of the regime since 1945. The project has considerable implications for contemporary Italian society in terms of assessing the degree to which perceptions and memories of Fascism and Fascist material culture continue to influence the political culture and practices of liberalism and democracy in the country.


  • Nick Carter (ed.) Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).
  • Nick Carter, 'Introduction: Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento', in Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento, ed. Nick Carter (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).
  • John Foot, The Man who Closed the Asylums. Franco Basaglia and the Revolution in Mental Health Care, (London: Verso, 2015).
  • John Foot 'Photography and radical psychiatry in Italy in the 1960s: The case of the photobook Morire di Classe (1969)', History of Psychiatry , 26:1 (2015): 19-35, – the Great Tactician?' Macedonian Studies Journal 1:2 (2015): 37-6.
  • Carter, Nick, Modern Italy in Historical Perspective, 1870-Present, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2010.
  • Foot, John, Modern Italy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.


  • Chris Matthew, 'Alexander – the Great Tactician?' Macedonian Studies Journal 1:2(2015): 37-60.
  • Carter, Nick, (ed.) Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
  • Carter, Nick, 'A Victorian Affair? Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento', in Carter (ed), Britain, Ireland and the Italian Risorgimento (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
  • Foot, John, 'Television Documentary, History and Memory. An Analysis of Sergio Zavoli's The Gardens of Abel (1969)'. Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 19, 2014, 603-624.
  • Foot, John, 'Franco Basaglia and the radical psychiatry movement in Italy, 1961–78'. Critical and Radical Social Work, 2, 2014, 235-249.
  • Foot, John, The 'Republic of the Mad'. Franco Basaglia and the Radical Psychiatry Movement, 1961-1978, Feltrinelli Editore Milano, 2014.
  • Foot, John, 'Memories of an Exodus: Istria, Fiume, Dalmatia, Trieste, Italy, 1943-2010', in Daniela Baratieri (eds) Totalitarian Dictatorships: New Histories. London and New York, Routledge, 2014, 232-50.

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