Unit description and aim
It is a requirement that the paramedic can link theory with practice and perform clinical duties underpinned by a theoretical understanding. To perform these skills well, the paramedic must be able to reflect critically on their practice and appraise their performance. The unit is complimented by the practical content in PARA227: Paramedic Care in Practice: Medical 2. This unit focuses on theoretical aspects of recognition, assessment and management of persons presenting with cardiac, neurological, renal, gastrointestinal and endocrine conditions in dynamic environments. Additionally, it provides opportunities for you to integrate theoretical and practical knowledge in both face to face and digital forums. Foundational concepts such as critical thinking, clinical reasoning and clinical judgement will be developed, and practice skills will be extended through scenario-based learning in the concurrent unit PARA227.
The aim of this unit is to assist students to use theory to drive their clinical practice and to understand how clinical decision making is guided by a continual process of assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation within a clinical decision making framework which is integral in the delivery of paramedic practice
On successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:
LO1 - Outline the epidemiology, pathophysiology, implications, acuity, assessment, and management of medical presentations (GA8)
LO2 - Critique medical presentations and the associated management strategies used to provide patient-centred care for medical aetiologies encountered within the scope of paramedicine (GA4)
LO3 - Apply a paramedic decision making framework underpinned by evidence-based management principles in order provide a people-centred care approach for people affected by medical aetiologies. (GA1, GA5, GA6)
GA1 - demonstrate respect for the dignity of each individual and for human diversity
GA4 - think critically and reflectively
GA5 - demonstrate values, knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to the discipline and/or profession
GA6 - solve problems in a variety of settings taking local and international perspectives into account
GA7 - work both autonomously and collaboratively
GA8 - locate, organise, analyse, synthesise and evaluate information
GA9 - demonstrate effective communication in oral and written English language and visual media
GA10 - utilise information and communication and other relevant technologies effectively.
PROFESSIONAL CAPABILITIES FOR A REGISTERED PARAMEDIC
The Paramedicine Board of Australia is responsible for assessing, consulting on and setting the standards for paramedics practicing in Australia. These standards and relevant domains are articulated in the Professional Capabilities for a Registered Paramedic document. The learning outcomes of this unit are matched to the relevant capabilities, in order to align your development with the requirements of a paramedic.
Domain 1: Professional and ethical conduct
1.2, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
Domain 2: Professional communication and collaboration
Domain 3: Evidence-based practice and professional learning
3.1, 3.2, 3.3
Domain 4: Safety, risk management and quality assurance
LO1, LO2, LO3
Domain 5: Paramedicine practice
5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.6
Topics will include:
- Advanced cardiology
- Electrolyte disturbances
- Applied toxicology
For the selected aetiologies, you will develop your understanding of relevant concepts and skills relating to:
- Biopsychosocial considerations;
- Clinical reasoning;
- Pathophysiology and presentations;
- Differential diagnosis;
- Risks and implications;
- Evidence-based practice;
- Theoretical management and care concepts;
- Associated pharmacotherapy;
- Health care systems and pathways, and;
- Continuum of care and patient experiences.
Continuation of Advanced Life Support approach and cardiac arrest for associated aetiologies
Learning and teaching strategy and rationale
This Unit provides teaching and learning strategies that engage students with materials, concepts and experiences that will support achievement of the aims and objectives of the Unit as well as relevant Graduate Attributes and professional capabilities. PARA226, coupled with PARA227 Paramedicine in Practice: Medical 2, will extend knowledge of medical conditions and their associated care within the discipline of paramedicine.
Usually situated in the second year, PARA226 continues to build students skills of becoming both an independent and social learner. Delivery methods will be multi-modal and comprised of virtual/online environments and face to face workshops.
Online learning will assist students in acquiring the fundamental theoretical concepts necessary for paramedicine. The information, delivery and exercises will be constructed in digestible portions which will allow for ease of understanding, flexibility and respect for individual learning styles. As students begin to apply the concepts in the subsequent workshops, it is expected that they will have completed the online learnings before attending the face-to-face component.
The workshops will allow students to use the fundamental concepts acquired from online learning, apply analytical thinking, and engage in discussion and group work so they can begin to solve the case-based challenges posed. These challenges are designed with a real-world focus to apply your knowledge to relevant clinical contexts. As students progress through the cycle of theory to practice, the online learning and workshops will have a direct relationship to PARA227 practical classes and clinical placement.
It is expected that students will undertake a total 150 hours of study for this unit. The hours will comprise of the face-to-face methods, online learning and self-directed study in which students will engage with a range of online resources, readings, and prepare for and/or undertake assessments.
Assessment strategy and rationale
A range of assessment items consistent with University assessment requirements and policy will be used to ensure students achieve the unit learning outcomes, attain the graduate attributes and meet professional capabilities required in paramedicine. With the ethos that assessments support and guide learning, students will see a direct relationship between each task and your development.
The group task is an effective and powerful way to learn. In addition to the creation of peer-to-peer bonds, the skills that are developed are highly relevant to the workplace: organisation, delegation, effective communication, peer-support, developing students unique voice and perspective in relation to peers, co-operation, and leadership. Situated in the digital environment, this provides contemporary skills that will be transferrable across disciplines, while still being relevant to your development in paramedicine.
The written assessment will build on students’ previous assessment by further assimilating and analysing key concepts pertinent within paramedicine. It’s context will be centred around real-world problems to a deeper understanding of the profession and practice, while developing communication and critical thinking skills. This enables students to create knowledge and solutions that will be directly relatable to paramedicine.
The exam allows students to showcase a broad understanding of the knowledge inherent in this unit and its specific application within a professional context, which will direct your future practice as a paramedic. These assessments will build students knowledge and skills which, by the conclusion of this programme, will enable the student to graduate as a safe and effective practitioner.
To pass this unit, students are required to submit all assessment tasks and gain an aggregate mark of 50%.
Overview of assessments
|Brief Description of Kind and Purpose of Assessment Tasks||Weighting||Learning Outcomes||Graduate Attributes|
Digital Group Task
Allows for cooperation and learning to be developed on a contemporary platform that will be integral to your development.
GA7, GA8, GA10
Provides you with the opportunity to identify real-world problems and articulate solutions while supporting your development of academic communication and critical thinking skills.
GA4, GA6, GA8, GA9
Enables you to demonstrate broad understanding of the principles, management and care required for medical aetiologies within the paramedicine context.
GA1, GA5, GA6
Digital Group Task
Allows for cooperation and learning to be developed on a contemporary platform that will be integral to students’ development.
GA2, GA4, GA5, GA7, GA8, GA9, GA10
Provides students with the opportunity to identify real-world problems and articulate solutions while supporting your development of academic communication and critical thinking skills.
Enables students to demonstrate broad understanding of the principles, management and care required for medical aetiologies within the paramedicine context.
GA2, GA4, GA5, GA6
Representative texts and references
Bryant, B., & Knights, K. (2015). Pharmacology for health professionals (5th ed). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.
Bullock, S., & Hales, M., (2018) Principles of Pathophysiology (2nd ed.). Melbourne, VIC: Pearson Australia.
Curtis, K., & Ramsden, C. (2019). Emergency and trauma care for nurses and paramedics (3rd ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.
Hall, J.E., (2015). Guyton And Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. (13th ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
Phalen, T. (2019) The 12-lead ECG in acute coronary syndromes (4th ed.). St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier
Talley, N.J. & O’Connor, S. (2018). Talley & O’Connor’s Clinical Examination. (8th ed.). Volumes 1 and 2. Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier.
Tortora, G., & Derrickson, B. (2016). Principles of anatomy and physiology (15th ed). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons.
Townsend, R., & Luck, M. (2019). Applied paramedic law and ethics (2nd ed.). Australia and New Zealand. Sydney: Elsevier.