Unit description and aim
Primary care is typically the first contact an individual with a health concern has with the health system, and as such, it is imperative that paramedics understand their roles, responsibilities and scope of practice involved with providing care to individuals and communities with primary care presentations. Building from the foundational knowledge and skills developed in PARA115 and using case-based learning, your clinical decision-making abilities will further be developed in this unit. In addition, students will be introduced to the individuals' journey through the health care system. By assimilating the concepts of epidemiology, pathophysiology and evidence-based management for selected range of basic primary care conditions that a paramedic will encounter, students will be able to incorporate this into a paramedic decision-making framework. This unit will be complemented by PARA127: Paramedicine in Practice: Primary Care where students will begin to apply the skills required to assess, identify and manage the presentations introduced in this unit. Additionally, this unit will develop knowledge and skills that prepare students for more complex decision making encountered throughout the degree.
The aim of this unit is to introduce students to the epidemiology, pathophysiology and evidence-based management of primary care presentations that is commonly encountered by a paramedic and allow students to begin to identify the various relevant health care pathways that can be utilised for individuals and their needs
On successful completion of this unit, students should be able to:
LO1 - Identify the aetiologies, epidemiology, pathophysiology, presentations, implications and management principles of injuries and illness typical of primary care within the context of paramedicine (GA9)
LO2 - Discuss evidence-based practice principles and appropriate health care pathways that encompasses a biopsychosocial approach to primary care that is within the scope of paramedicine (GA8, GA9)
LO3 - Apply people-centred care, underpinned by a paramedic decision making framework and evidence-based practice principles in order to assist people affected by illness and injury typical of primary care aetiologies (GA3, GA5, GA6)
GA3 - apply ethical perspectives in informed decision making
GA5 - demonstrate values, knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to the discipline and/or profession
GA6 - solve problems in a variety of settings taking local and international perspectives into account
GA8 - locate, organise, analyse, synthesise and evaluate information
GA9 - demonstrate effective communication in oral and written English language and visual media
PROFESSIONAL CAPABILITIES FOR A REGISTERED PARAMEDIC
The Paramedicine Board of Australia is responsible for assessing, consulting on and setting the standards for paramedics practicing in Australia. These standards and relevant domains are articulated in the Professional Capabilities for a Registered Paramedic document. The learning outcomes of this unit are matched to the relevant capabilities, in order to align your development with the requirements of a paramedic.
Domain 1: Professional and ethical conduct
1.1, 1.2, 1.3
LO1, LO2, LO3
Domain 2: Professional communication and collaboration
Domain 3: Evidence-based practice and professional learning
Domain 5: Paramedicine practice
5.2. 5.3, 5.4, 5.6
LO1, LO2, LO3
Topics will include:
- Primary care
- Continuum of Care/ Health Pathways
- Interdisciplinary roles and teams in primary care
- Introduction to technology in health care
- Introduction to models of primary care
- Prevention and promotion
- Reporting systems and documentation
- Primary care presentations, epidemiology, pathophysiology, implications of:
- Minor Injuries
- Minor head injury
- Ear, nose and throat
- Introduction to infectious diseases
- Introductory concepts of fluid loss
- Introduction to primary care and associated aetiologies assessments:
- Psychological assessments.
- Therapeutic skills and management principles for primary care and associated presentations:
- Introduction to Basic Life Support (BLS)
Learning and teaching strategy and rationale
This Unit provides teaching and learning strategies that engage students with materials, concepts and experiences that will support students’ achievement of the aims and objectives of the Unit as well as relevant Graduate Attributes and professional capabilities. PARA126, coupled with PARA127 Paramedicine in Practice: Primary Care, will create foundational knowledge of primary care within the discipline of paramedicine. Usually situated in the first year, PARA126 continues to build skills for becoming both an independent and social learner. Delivery methods will be multi-modal and comprised of virtual/online environments and face to face workshops.
Online learning will assist students in acquiring the fundamental theoretical concepts necessary for paramedicine. The information, delivery and exercises will be constructed in digestible portions which will allow for ease of understanding, flexibility and respect for individual learning styles. As students will begin to apply the concepts in the subsequent workshops, it is expected that they will have completed the online learnings before attending the face-to-face component.
The workshops will allow students to use the fundamental concepts acquired from online learning, apply analytical thinking, and engage in discussion and group work so students can begin to solve the case-based challenges posed. These challenges are designed with a real-world focus to apply knowledge to relevant clinical contexts. As students progress through the cycle of theory to practice, the online learning and workshops will have a direct relationship to PARA127 practical classes and clinical placement.
It is expected that students will undertake a total 150 hours of study for this unit. The hours will comprise of the face-to-face methods, online learning and self-directed study in which students will engage with a range of online resources, readings, and prepare for and/or undertake assessments.
Assessment strategy and rationale
A range of assessment items consistent with University assessment requirements and policy will be used to ensure students achieve the unit learning outcomes, attain the graduate attributes and the meet professional capabilities required in paramedicine. With the ethos that assessments support and guide learning, you will see a direct relationship between each task and development.
The concept map provides students with the opportunity to explore, create and relate concepts identified within the content and your studies. It provides a visual representation that outlines and organises students’ knowledge on a given topic, thus providing immediate personal feedback on learning. It will also provide the basis for future assessment tasks within this unit and others. Ultimately, it will support clinical reasoning and decision-making development, thus assist in caring for those effected by various aetiologies.
The written assessment will build on previous assessment by further assimilating and analysing key concepts pertinent within paramedicine. It’s context will be centred around real-world problems to provide a deeper understanding of the profession and practice, while developing communication and critical thinking skills. This enables students to create knowledge and solutions that will be directly relatable to paramedicine.
The exam allows students to showcase a broad understanding of the knowledge inherent in this unit and its specific application within a professional context, which will direct future practice as a paramedic. These assessments will build knowledge and skills which, by the conclusion of this programme, will enable the student to graduate as a safe and effective practitioner.
To pass this unit, students are required to submit all assessment tasks and gain an aggregate mark of 50%.
Overview of assessments
|Brief Description of Kind and Purpose of Assessment Tasks||Weighting||Learning Outcomes||Graduate Attributes|
Enables you to visually organise and create a knowledge network that will assist in your comprehension of broad complex topics.
Provides you with the opportunity to begin to identify real-world problems and articulate solutions while supporting your development of academic communication and critical thinking skills.
Enables you to demonstrate broad understanding of the principles, management and care required for primary care aetiologies within the paramedicine context.
GA1, GA5, GA6
Representative texts and references
Bryant, B., & Knights, K. (2015). Pharmacology for health professionals (5th ed). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.
Bullock, S., & Hales, M., (2018) Principles of Pathophysiology (2nd ed.). Melbourne, VIC: Pearson Australia.
Curtis, K., & Ramsden, C. (2019). Emergency and trauma care for nurses and paramedics (3rd ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.
Hall, J.E., (2015). Guyton And Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology. (13th ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
Talley, N.J. & O’Connor, S. (2018). Talley & O’Connor’s Clinical Examination. (8th ed.). Volumes 1 and 2. Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier.
Tortora, G., & Derrickson, B. (2016). Principles of anatomy and physiology (15th ed). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons.
Townsend, R., & Luck, M. (2019). Applied paramedic law and ethics (2nd ed.). Australia and New Zealand. Sydney: Elsevier.