About Sydney

Sydney Deck Chairs

Sydney is Australia’s largest and oldest city. A popular destination, Sydney has everything going for it – fantastic weather, beautiful landscapes, interesting neighbourhoods and impressive architecture.

Best known for its beautiful harbour, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the dazzling Sydney Opera House, Sydney is Australia’s international jewel. It also has nearby mountains, more than 70 golden beaches with plenty of surf, and an abundance of great restaurants, bars and nightlife.

Explore Sydney’s natural beauty on foot with one of the many walks that make their way along the Sydney Harbour foreshore or through the national parks that surround the city to the north, south and west.

Some key facts about Sydney - Australia's most iconic city:

  • Many international people think that Sydney is Australia's capital; however that distinction goes to Canberra in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
  • Sydney was the site of the first British colony in Australia, which was set up in 1788.
  • Sydney is located on Australia’s east coast, the metropolis surrounds the world’s largest natural harbour, and sprawls towards the Blue Mountains to the west.
  • Residents of Sydney are known as “Sydneysiders”.
  • The population of Greater Sydney, which includes the Blue Mountains and Central Coast, contains around 20% of the entire population of Australia at about 4.8 million people.
  • Sydney is an extremely diverse city, with a huge number of ethnic and cultural groups living here. There are more than 250 different languages spoken in Sydney and about one-third of residents speak a language other than English at home.
  • Sydney annually ranks among worldwide "Top Ten Most Liveable Cities" lists*.
  • July in Sydney is winter but it is not as cold as in many other countries.  The average daytime temperature in Sydney during this time of the year is 13°C (55°F) and at night the average minimum temperature is 8°C (46°F).  Most days are sunny with a low chance of rain falling.  If you want to swim, the average sea temperature in July is 18°C (64°F).

If you're looking for things to do in Sydney and its surrounding areas, be sure to visit the social programs page for information on tours, attractions, activities, and much more.

* The EIU’s Global Liveability Survey 2015