13 March 2008: In step with the federal government’s $53 million pledge to combat binge drinking, Australian Catholic University (ACU) researcher Dr. Rivka Witenberg has conducted two significant studies examining binge drinking behaviour patterns in young adults.
The studies, one completed at the end of 2007 and the other ongoing, look at the underlying attitudes that influence excessive, or binge, drinking in 18-25 year olds. Using Audit, a screen test developed by the World Health Organisation, the participants’ underlying beliefs about drinking were examined through semi-structured interview questionnaires and measured responses to three drinking scenarios.
The scenarios were based on real life experiences related to the drinking histories of young Australians. In each one, the proposed consequences reflected previous research on beliefs about alcohol consumption which identified expectations such as ‘having fun and socializing,’ ‘relaxing,’ ‘doing something embarrassing’ and ‘health risks’ as factors influencing the decision to binge drink.
Dr. Witenberg, who was assisted by ACU students Tanya Gilmartin and Angela Hain, sees binge drinking as a major problem for young people in Australia. “Many young people embrace prevailing social beliefs that drinking to excess is fun and relieves stress.”
"We know less about young people who are protected from excessive drinking and the factors that create this environment. That is what we were interested in discovering,” Dr. Witenberg added.
After reading the stories, each participant made judgments about binge drinking and explained the justifications for their decisions. Results showed that negative beliefs about the consequences of alcohol were associated with decreased levels of drinking
In one scenario where young people faced responsibility for their actions the morning after a night of binge drinking, over 80% rejected binge drinking as a healthy attitude. They instead expressed the desire to be responsible and in control of their actions.
“However, it is interesting to note,” said Dr. Witenberg, “that when participants held pre-existing positive attitudes towards binge drinking, they endorsed excessive drinking within the scenario and were much more likely to view binge drinking in a positive light.
Overall, the studies showed that participants who valued socialising over health tended to be binge drinkers, and that the best predictors of binge drinking were the attitudes and behaviours of young people’s parents and peers. Young people who believed their parents or friends approved of drinking tended to drink more and were more likely to drink with potentially harmful consequences.
In addition, the studies also showed that males drank significantly more alcohol than females and that rural respondents consumed significantly more alcohol than their urban counterparts.
Australian Catholic University (ACU) established as Australia’s only Catholic, national, publicly funded university is open to all. The University empowers its students and staff with a strong sense of social responsibility and concern for the moral and ethical dimensions of their study and their professional and personal lives.